Tuesday, April 9, 2024

Elisabetha Stünzin 1675-1746

When Elisabeth Stünzin was christened on 10 January 1675, in Horgen, Zürich, Switzerland Interestingly enough she was baptised on the day she was born - so likely for other baptisms in Aeugst there was not a long period between birth and baptism (not always the case in other reformed parishes). Her father, Georg Stünzin, was 34 and her mother, Barbel Burkhard, was 32. She married Caspar Landis 5 April 1704, in Hirzel  Zürich, Switzerland. They were the parents of 4 sons and 6 daughters. She died on 2 March 1746, in Aeugst, Zürich, Switzerland, at the age of 71 years 3 weeks. 

When her death record was scanned it may have left out the right hand side. The scripture she chose is Isaiah 12: 2?. Isaiah 12:2 reads: "Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation." If this is the scripture Elisabetha chose, it is a good one, and in keeping for someone who lived a life of faith in God. 

Who are Caspar and Elisabeth's children?
1. Barbara 1704-1712
2. Rudolf 1706-1712
3. Verena 1707 dec m 29 Oct 1727 Heinrich Gugletz 1705-
4. Hans Jakob 1708-1708
5. Elisabeth 1709-1746 m 11 Dec 1732Conrad Jenta 1698-1761
6. Esther 1710-1716
7. Heinrich 1713-1758 m 6 Jun 1736 Margaretha Baumann 1708-1779
8. Barbara 1715-1755 m  25 Feb 1738 Hans Heinrich Urner 1717-1748
9. Ester 1718-1781 m 2 Apr 1743 Thomas Meili 1720-1789
10. Hans Conrad 1720-1749

Documents related to Elisabetha Stünzin:

1675 baptism Elisabetha Stünzin 10 of January Horgen Switz.
page 448
Translation by Wolf:
1675 10 Januarij Elßbeth
Jörg [Georg] Stüntzi / Barbel [Barbara] Burkhard
Jörg Schmid / Elßbeth Wunderlin
Elisabetha's birth place: Käpfnach (see Elisabetha's death recordFormer detached village on Lake Zurich, which flowed through the Aabach, now a district of Horgen. Roman period. Brick finds in the Bätpur and Raingarten could indicate manors (register for archaeology). That since the 16th. The surviving molasse coal mine Käpfnach-Gottshalden-Aabachtobel was operated until 1910 (e-HLS). The first document 1211 Cephanaha listed by Kläui/Schobinger and Meyer cannot be verified. [2] Wikipedia.
Käpfnach in brown next to Lake Zürich, known for mining and being on a lake

Käpfnach in brown next to Lake Zürich

Horgen is a municipality in the district of Horgen in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland. It is one of the larger towns along the south bank of the Lake of Zürich where Elisabetha was born. On 1 January 2018 the former municipality of Hirzel, where Elisabeth was married, merged into the municipality of Horgen.

1704 marriage Caspar Landis to Eliz Stünzin, Hirzel 
Zurich page Film 996924 pg 154
Transcription and Translation by Wolf: 
Hans Caspar Landis / Elsbeth Stünzin von Horgen
Promulgatio (announcement) Sonntag den 13. April Allhier in Hirzel
Copulatio (marriage) Samstag den 22. dito zu Horgen cum sertis
Note: First "cum sertis" (further down also "sine sertis"): sertis is Latin for the bridal wreath, indicating whether the bride was a virgin (or not). This issue is also discussed on https://www.geneal-forum.com/phpbb/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?t=19896
In the Marriage book Hirzel ZH from 1704/05 the notes "cum sertis" or "sine sertis" appear. In another Wedding of 1699 also occurs "cum sertis" and is used in the EDB translated as "with Schäppi": it means the bridal wreath, the wearing of which indicates virginity. The highest honor was to be allowed to step in front of the altar in a Schappel. It was strictly punished as abuse if the bride transgressed and dared to put on a bridal crown. Not every bride or godmother could buy her own "Schappel". In many cases, the poorer ones borrowed this badge of honor. Even for the important church act of baptism, honorable, blameless virgins were allowed to put on the crown as "godmother".
Location: So this marriage has been announced in Hirzel - but took place in Horgen - and according to https://suche.staatsarchiv.djiktzh.ch/detail.aspx?ID=4390888 on 20 (not 22) April.
Dates: Confusing are the dates in other aspects as well. 1704 was not too long after the Gregorian Calendar was introduced in Zürich (1701) - could that still have caused confusion? Let's look at the weekdays:
13.04.1704 (Sunday): Gregorian = Sunday / Julian = Thursday
20.04.1704: Gregorian = Sunday / Julian = Thursday
22.04.1704 (Saturday): Gregorian = Tuesday / Julian = Saturday
Which calendar? Further up on this page we have a marriage on Ostermontag (Easter Monday) 24.03.1704 - which would be correct for the Gregorian Calendar.
Next step would be to check the Horgen records - 20. April would make sense.
Note: I have mentioned this marriage on https://www.geneal-forum.com/phpbb/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?t=33987 - from where you'll find a link to a longer discussion on Landis of Hirzel and Horgen and emigration to Germany. On https://www.geneal-forum.com/phpbb/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?t=21662#p79642 a list of Landis baptisms in Hir
zel is attached, covering 1617-1698 (you have to be logged in to be able to open the attachment).
Note: On 22.04.1704 in Horgen, Hans Caspar Landis (05.04.1675-07.04.1754) from Hirzel and Elisabeth Stünzin from Horgen marry “cum sertis”, i.e. with the bridal wreath, which indicates virginity. Their daughter Elisabeth Landis (1709-1767) married Hans Conrad Jenta (1698-1761) in 1732.
Hirzel: See also the article Landis von Hirzel und Horgen ZH, where the connection between the two lines and emigrants is discussed. There is also a link to a list of Landis baptisms in Hirzel in the period 1617-1698
Note: Agreed - people at the Zürich State Archive are very helpful - another example to follow soon 😉.To my knowledge they keep all church records of today's canton Zürich - except the records of parishes within (today's) city of Zürich - the latter being kept at the City Archive. All these records (State Archive and City Archive) are (to my knowledge) available online, either familysearch or from the City Archive website.
Aargau: For canton Aargau very few records are online - see https://www.geneal-forum.com/phpbb/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?t=24422. Birr doesn't seem to be online.
1746 burial Elisabetha Stünzin March 2 Aeugst am Albis, Zürich
 film 008125657 page 212. Her marriage and birth records
say her name is Elisabeth
Anno 1746: den 2. Merzen
Transcription: Frauw Elisabetha Stünzin von Käpfne der Gemeind Horgen, Meister Caspar Landis des Rotgerwers In der Wengi Ehelich-geliebte Haußfrauw, aetatis anni 71 und 3 Wuchen,
Text: Jesaje XII: 2(?). (Isaiah XII:2)
nata et baptizata est die 10 Febr 1675.
Kent Note: When the page was scanned it may have left out the right hand side. The scripture is Isaiah 12: 2?. Isaiah 12:2 reads: "Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation." If this is the scripture Elisabetha chose, it is a good one, and totally in keeping for someone who has lived a life of faith in God. 
Translation: Frau Elisabetha Stünzin from Käpfnach in the community (or parish) Horgen, conjugally-loved wife of Master red tanner Caspar Landis "in der Wengi", died 02.03.1746, aged 71 years and 3 weeks. She had been born and baptised on 10.02.1675.
Note: This last sentence is interesting as it shows at least for her that she had been baptised on the day she was born - so likely for other baptisms in Aeugst there was not a longish period between birth and baptism (not always the case in other reformed parishes).
Note: There is an additional running number, which is not quite clear to me: …
85: 11.10.1745
86: 13.10.1745
89: 02.03.1746 Elisabetha Stünzin
91: 18.08.1746
90: last on this page - no date
It could be that the entries were not written down chronologically - and therefore "renumbered". It would be interesting to see the next page, whether this is a plausible explanation.
Kaepfne: note the "e over a" for "ä" … Käpfnach

008125657 page 212, right side of Elisabetha's burial
page for reference
Numbers on right hand page: 92 - 93 - 94 - 96 - 97 (29.10.1746) - 87 (22.10.1745) - 88 (03.02.1746)
And there is 90: last on this page - spreading both pages (18.03.1746) - an interesting one "Jacob Vollenweider auß der Riedt zu Friesenheim in // in der Pfalz". So we have all consecutive numbers … obviously several entries were made with delay, and the additional numbers try to put these in chronological order.

DeepL: Jacob Vollenweider auß der Riedt zu Friesenheim in // the Palatinate
Swiss locations important to Elisabeth Stünzin. Horgen where she was married. Hirzel where she
was married and Aeugst am Albis where she lived and died.