Thursday, April 2, 2020

Katherina Barbara Nuchter 1751-1811

Catherina Barbara Nichtern was born to Thomas Nichtern and Maria Katharina Obermeyer on 7 Jan 1751. Katherina was the second of three girls. She died 11 Feb 1811.  No other information has been located. Katherina lived in a tumultuous time in the history of Germany. Germany. Indeed the rest of the world saw the freedom the common man had in America while in Europe they saw a continuation of war, nobility and poverty. People in what eventually would be called Germany wanted freedom. During Catharina's lifetime Germany was a nobility area with a Grand Duke ruling. Freedom was not to be had in Catharina's lifetime.  

What happened during their lives?
1756 - The Seven Years' War begins. Germany allies with Britain against France, Austria, and Russia. Germany and Britain win.
1756 - Famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born.
1789 - The transformational ideas of the French Revolution impact Germany
1803 - Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars which for the next nine years altered the course of history for large parts of Europe including Germany. Napoleon conquered the Rhineland in 1806 and fought many battles on German ground and lost the Battle of Leipzig in 1819.
1808 - Ludwig van Beethoven's Fifth Symphony is first performed.

Napoleon Rules Europe
In the wars after the French Revolution in 1789, Napoleon, the emperor of the French, rose to be the ruler of the European continent. An enduring result of his policy was a new order of the southwestern German political world. When the French Revolution threatened to be exported throughout Europe in 1792, Baden joined forces against France. Baden's countryside was devastated in the ensuing battles. In 1796, the margrave was compelled to pay an indemnity and to cede his territories on the left bank of the Rhine to France. Fortune, however, soon returned to his side. (Wikipedia)

Documents related to Catherina Barbara Nüchter:
Catherina Barbara Nichtern birth 7 Jan 1751 film 4137289 page 472 
Translation by Robert Seal:
On the 7th of January 1751, a little daughter of Thomas Nichtern, ______, from his wife Cathar[ina], née Obermeÿerin, was born into the word, so thereupon was baptized and named Cathar[ina] Barbara. Baptismal sponsors are: P[h]ilipp Heinr[eich] Heilmann, citizen and farmer; Adam Koehler, citizen and farmer; Martin Wenz, citizen and mason, with wife.
In right column under surname: + [died] on the 11th of February 1811.
Comment: The father's occupation may be a variant spelling of the word: Beisitzer/Beysitzer, which Thode defines as: junior lawyer; juryman; inhabitant with out land [and] without citizenship rights or duties.

Catherina Barbara Nichtern death 11 Feb 1811, burial 14 Feb film 102078348 page 1160
Translation by Robert Seal:
Heading at top of page: In the year of Christ died in the local Parish Graben.
[Died] on the 11th of February [1811], at night around 12 o'clock midnight and was buried on the 14th [of February 1811] in the morning.
Number 4. Katharina Barbara Nichterin, unmarried non-citizen daughter from here.
Age: 60 years, 1 month, and 5 days.
Illness: consumption/tuberculosis.
Death witnesses: 
(1) Jacob Friedrich Cammerer, citizen and master smith. 
(2) Peter Braun, citizen and master joiner here.
T. L Sachs, pastor
Note: The Graben Pastor in 1811 was Ludwig Christian Sachs who served between 1808 and 1814. He filled out this death record and was responsible for the funeral and burial of 60 year old Katherina Barbara Nichtern.
Notes: In the line immediately after Katharina Barbara's name, the secondword is: "Beÿsassen". The word can also be spelled "Beisassen". Thode defines "Beisass(e)" as: "(rental) inhabitant without citizenship". I translated this simply has: non-citizen.
Here is the link to an article from the German Wikipedia which should provide more insight for the word "Beisasse": Use your browser's translate function to translate to English. After the line about her age, the next line is: "Krankheit: Auszehrung." = Illness: consumption/tuberculosis.
Yes, the word for pastor "Pfarrer" is abbreviated.
Beisasse A non- resident (also resident, assessor , resident , protective relative, protection , back seat ) is a citizen citizen of a city with restricted citizenship . The difference between citizens and residents developed in medieval town law and existed until the 19th century, in Switzerland until the complete revision of the federal constitution in 1874. [1]
Spouses were originally the lowest social class in a village. They were only tolerated in the community. If they somehow became a burden, they had to move away. [2]
As a rule, only those who were the son of a citizen or had a certain amount of property could become a full citizen of a city. Often only members of certain professions, for example to craftspeople capable of exercise guilds, and certain denominations were allowed citizenship. In Augsburg, for example, assessors were not allowed to acquire real estate or to exercise a guild trade, since admission to a craft corporation, but also to the gentleman's or merchant's room, required citizenship. [3] Associated with civil rights was civil duty citizen's , such as tax and official duties, as well as taking a oath .
An aside was also subject to the protection of the city charter, but had to pay an attendance fee for “protection and umbrella”. As a rule, residents were subject to municipal jurisdiction, but were excluded from essential political rights, such as representation in the council . The epitome of the rights granted to them is the right to be seated, their constitutional charter is the person standing order, and the fee to be paid is the person's allowance. As a pledge for the observance of his obligations, the assassin used to take the advisor's oath.
The constitutional documents of the individual German states issued after 1848 almost entirely the difference between actual citizens citizens eliminated and , as had already happened in individual states, for example in Baden protected through the law of 1831. In Switzerland, the difference between full citizens and residents or residents still finds in the civil parish practical application . There is hardly a community there that does not contain a greater or lesser number of settled people in addition to the actual community members. (German Wikipedia)