Wednesday, March 25, 2020

Philippine Scholl 1837-1913

Philippine Scholl was born 8 Sep 1837 to Wilhelm Scholl and Margaretha Weber in Graben. She married Wilhelm Weick 1 March 1875.  Philippine died 16 Oct 1913.  

What happened during Philippine's lifetime:
1848 - German philosopher Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto which would be the basis for Marxism and communism.
1862 - Otto von Bismarck is elected Prime Minister of Prussia.
1871 - Germany defeats France in the Franco-Prussian War. The German states are unified and the national parliament, called the Reichstag, is established.
1873 German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann smuggled out treasures from the ancient city of Troy.
1875  Sep 3, Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer, was born. He designed the Volkswagen in 1934 and the Porsche sports car in 1950.
1875-1965  Albert Schweitzer, German-born missionary and Nobel laureate. "Man must cease attributing his problems to his environment, and learn again to exercise his will -- his personal responsibility in the realm of faith and morals."
1876  Nov 4, Johannes Brahms' Symphony #1 in C, premiered at Karlsrue
1876  A paper in the Berliner Klinische Wochenschrift, a  Germany medical journal, suggested that salsalate could help diabetics control their blood sugar. Harvard researchers in the 1990s conducted studies that supported the claim.
1876   Carl von Linde (1842-1934), German engineer, invented refrigeration.
1877   Dec 2, Camille Saint-Saens' opera "Samson et Dalila," premiered in Weimar.
1878   Topf & Sons was founded in Erfurt, Germany, as a customized incinerator and malting equipment manufacturer. The firm was close to the Ettersberg hill, later the site of Buchenwald concentration camp. With the expansion of cremation in Germany as a burial rite in the 1920s, the firm's ambitious chief engineer Kurt Pruefer pioneered furnaces which complied with strict regulations on preserving the dignity of the body. In 1941 the firm agreed to build crematoria for Auschwitz and enable industrialized mass murder.
1879  Mar 14, Physicist Albert Einstein, mathematician best known for his theories on relativity was born in Ulm, Germany. He received the Physics Nobel Prize in 1921.
1880  Aug 14, Construction of Cologne Cathedral, begun in 1248, was completed 633 years after it was begun.
1882  Mar 24, German scientist Robert Koch announced in Berlin that he had discovered the bacillus responsible for tuberculosis.
1882 The Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra was founded.
1884  Robert Koch, German microbiologist, rediscovered, isolated and cultured the cholera bacillus, Vibrio cholerae. Italian anatomist Fillipo Pacini discovered the bacillus in 1854, but did not prove that it caused cholera.
1885  Dec 29, Gottlieb Daimler patented the 1st bike in Germany.
1886  Jan 29, 1st successful gasoline-driven car was patented by Karl Benz in Karlsruhe.
1888  Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), German philosopher, authored “Twilight of the Idols." It included the phrase: "What does not destroy me makes me stronger," which unwittingly inspired 21st century musicians.
1889  Apr 20, Adolf Hitler, leader of National Socialist Party (1921-1945), was born in Braunau, Austria. He was the dictator of Nazi Germany from 1933-1945 and started World War II by invading Poland. He committed suicide in his Berlin bunker. The German Fascist leader, promised to bring Germany to the promised land on one condition: that the state would have total control over all the organs, organizations, and citizens of the nation. 
1889   Aug 16, Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show star Annie Oakley, using a Colt .45, shot the ash off the end of a cigarette held in the mouth by a young German Kaiser Wilhelm II. Appearing at Berlin's Charlottenburg Race Course, Oakley asked in jest for a volunteer from the audience and, to her horror, the young ruler of the Reich stepped forward. A nervous Oakley successfully performed the trick shot. Years later, after the start of WWI, Oakley reportedly wrote to the Kaiser, asking for a second shot.
1892  Count Zeppelin left the army and began work on his lighter-than-air ship
1895   Mar 4, Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony, premiered in Berlin.
1896   Aug 9, Otto Lilienthal, German aerodynamic engineer, made his last glide when his glider No. 11 was upset by a sudden gust of wind and he was unable to regain control. Lilienthal broke his back in the crash and died the next day in a Berlin clinic. He had made more than 2,000 test flights in gliders and convinced many people that flight was possible and set the stage for early aviation. He once wrote that "we must fly and fall, fly and fall until we can fly without falling." He also influenced flight theory by using bird flight as a model for the basis of aviation.
1897 Aug 10, Felix Hoffmann, a German worker for Bayer, rediscovered aspirin (acetyl salicyclic acid), the active ingredient of the willow plant’s (salicin). In 1832 a French chemist named Charles Gergardt had experiments with salicin and created salicylic acid. On March 6, 1899, Bayer registered Aspirin as a trademark.
1900  Mar 23, Erich Fromm (d.1980), German-American psychologist (Sane Society), was born in Frankfurt, Germany. He wrote "The Sane Society." "Modern man thinks he loses something, time, when he does not do things quickly. Yet he does not know what to do with the time he gains, except kill it."

Documents related to Philippine Scholl:

Ludwig Scholl rt no 37 fi2 Sept 1824 film 102078348 page 978 rt
Translation by Robert Seal:
No. 37.
On the 29th of August [1824] at night between 11:00 pm and 12:00 midnight born and on the 2nd of September [1824] in the afternoon at 1:00 pm baptized: Ludwig [Scholl]. 
The parents are the local citizen Wilhelm Scholl and his wife Margaretha, née Weber. 
The baptismal witnesses are: (1) Philipp Weick, citizen. (2) His wife Magdalena, née Braunin. (3) Philipp Kraus, citizen. (4) His wife Margaretha, née Schollin.
Graben, on the 2nd of September 1824. Henhöfer, pastor.
Philippine Scholl baptism 14 Sep 1837 birth 8 Sep 1837 film 102550955 page 760
Translation by Robert Seal:
(52) In the year of Christ 1837 on the 8th of September in the morning at 11:00 am was born here, and on the 14th of the same month in the afternoon at 1:00 pm was baptized: Philippine. 
The parents are: the local citizen Wilhelm Scholl and his wife Margarethe, née Weber. As baptismal sponsors were present: (1) Philipp Weick, local citizen, and his wife Magdalena, née Braun. (2) Philipp Krauß, local citizen, and his wife Margarethe, née Krauß. 
Graben, on the 14th of September 1837. Pastor Käß
Wilhelm Weick marriage 11 March 1875 film 102118620 page 18 
Translation by Robert Seal:
Heading at top of page: In the year 1875 were married:
Number: 6.
Marriage date: 11 Mar 1875.
Groom: Wilhelm Phil[ipp] Weick, mason here, 29 years old, widower here.
Groom's parents: Philipp Weick, day laborer here, and Margaretha, née Roth.
Bride: Philippine Scholl, 38 years old, unmarried.
Bride's parents: [?] Wilhelm Scholl, farmer here, and Margaretha, née Weber.
Remarks: III. 122.
Written across bottom of the record is the pastor's signature: H.
Zimmern?, pastor.
My comments: This is what I read in the Marriage date column: "11 März auf H. U. vom 11 März 1875". I am not familar with the abbreviation "H. U." But because both dates are the same, you can feel comfortable that the marriage took place on 11 March 1875. I am not sure what the abbreivation or symbol is before the bride's father's name. It might be a poorly-formed + indicating that the father was deceased (which he was at the time of this marriage, having died in 1858)
Kent note: Philippine Scholl was the youngest of 8 children. Her father Wilhelm died in 1858 and she got married in 1875. So yes, it is probably a cross meaning that her father had passed away.
Good to see Wilhelm Weick's profession again!

Philipp Wilhelm Weick family book 102118620 page 1340 
Translation by Robert Seal:
Notice in the heading at the top of the page the father's name is "Wilhelm Philipp Weick" but in the record itself his name is: "Philip(p) Wilhelm Weick". So you will need to search for him under both forms of his name.
As you correctly pointed out Philip(p) Wilhelm Weick was married twice, hence there are two separate family groups on this page Family 1
Here is the first family group for Philip(p) Wilhelm Weick and Katharina Christina Hüttner:
Father: Weick, Philip(p) Wilhelm, born 24 Apr 1846, died 15 May 1912. (Family Book II, 199).
married: 7 Sep 1871.
Mother: Hüttner, Katharina Christina, born 29 Jun 1844, died 22 Oct 1874. (Family Book II, 156).
[1] Before the marriage: Wilhelm Heinrich, born 28 Jun 1870, died 20 Aug 1870.
(2) Martin, born 13 Jan 1873.
My comment: Since the first child, Wilhelm Heinrich, was born and died before the marriage, you should look for his birth and death records under his mother's maiden name "Hüttner".
Family 2
Here is the second family group for Philip(p) Wilhelm Weick and Philippina Scholl:
Father: Weick, Philip(p) Wilhelm, born 24 Apr 1846, died 15 May 1912. (Family Book II, 199).
married: 11 Mar 1875.
Mother: Philippina Scholl, born 8 Sep 1837, died 16 Oct 1913. (Family Book I, 228).
(2b)? Brought to the marriage a daughter Katharina Philippina, born 3 Jan 1861.
(3) Wilhelmina, born 11 Jul 1876. [Not sure what the bracketed note means.]
(4) Ernestina, born 4 Jan 1878, married 7 Oct 1905, Albert Roß [unable to decipher remainder of note].
(5) Philippine, born 18 Mar 1880, died 31 Jan 1918.
(6) Karolina, born 9 Nov 1881, died 13 Oct 1882.
My comments: Here is the link in Ancestry to the birth record of Katharina Philippina Scholl (child 2b?) born in Jan 1861:
Here is the link in Ancestry to the 1905 marriage record of Ernestina Weick (child 4) and Albert Roß:
Note that Ancestry incorrectly indexed the bride's first name as "Christina" rather than "Ernestina".

Philippine Scholl Weick burial 18 Oct 1913 death
16 Oct age 76 film 102118620 page 696

Translation by Robert Seal:
Heading at top of page: In the year 1913 were buried:
Number: 24.
Burial date/time: 18 Oct [1913], 3:30 pm.
Death date/time: 16 Oct [1913], 3:30 pm.
Decedent: Weick, Philippine, née Scholl, widow of the local deceased mason Philipp Wilhelm Weick. Schweickert.
Age: 76 years, 1 month, 8 days.
Remarks: III. 122.
My comment: Schweikert might be the officiating pastor.
FYI: In the Remarks column "III. 122." might refer to where this family can be found in the local parish family register: vol. 3, p. 122.
This same notation appears in the Remarks column for this couple's 1875 marriage record. 
Pastor:1897-1926 Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Schweickert. Pastor Schweickert was born 1862 in Karlsruh and died 1942 in Heidelberg. He was the son of Georg Martin Schweickert, seminar teacher in Karlsruhe, and Christian studied in Erlangen, Leipzig, Berlin and Heidelberg, exams in 1886, then Pastor in Ittlingen, 1887 in Tannenkirch, 1888 in Mannheim-Neckarau, 1890 in Mannheim, 1892 in Palmbach, 1897 - 1926 in Graben , 9 June1892 married to Johanna Leibfried who was born 19 Feb 1870 She was a pastor's daughter from Daudenzell.