Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Maria Margaretha Scholl 1744-1749

Maria Margaretha Scholl was the first child of Johann Georg Scholl and Anna Marie Kammerer. She was born 8 October 1744 and died 5th of April 1749. In all she lived 4 years 5 months 28 days.

Life expectancy
Average life expectancy at birth for English people in the late 16th and early 17th centuries was just under 40 – 39.7 years. However, this low figure was mostly due to the high rate of infant and child mortality; over 12% of all children born would die in their first year. With the hazards of infancy behind them, the death rate for children slowed but continued to occur. A cumulative total of 36% of children died before the age of six, and another 24% between the ages of seven and sixteen. In all, of 100 live births, 60 would die before the age of 16. A man or woman who reached the age of 30 could expect to live to 59. [Thomson Gale, 'Infant Mortality' (1998)]

Food shortages and insecurity were leading concerns in the 18th century, especially in Europe, and these were exacerbated by reduced harvests yields. Disease was another leading cause of death, with rats and fleas being the common carriers of disease, specifically plagues, during this era. Common diseases were dysentery, malaria, diphtheria, flu, typhoid, smallpox and leprosy. (Wikipedia) 
 
Documents related to Maria Margaretha Scholl:

Maria Margaretha Scholl birth 29 Oct 1744 Graben
film 4137289 page 458,
Robert Seal Translation with poor quality image:
Child: Maria Margar[etha].
Born: 29 Oct 1744, "so darauf getauft" = so thereupon baptized.
Father: Jerg Scholl.
Mother: Anna Maria [no maiden surname recorded].
Baptismal sponsors: Christian Bi(c)kel? with wife, and _____? Merckle? with wife.
2nd Translation:
On 29 Oct 1744 Jerg Scholl had a little daughter born to the world from his wife Anna Maria and thereafter was baptized and named Maria Margaretha. Baptismal sponsors or Godparents are Christian Bikel with wife and Simon? Merckle? with wife.
Comment: First sponsor's forename is written as: Xstian = Christian.
The Graben Pastor from 1738 to 1757 was F.C H. Beck. He entered this record.
Maria Margaretha death 5 April 1749 film 4137289 page 593
Translation by Robert Seal:
On the 5th of April 1749, the conceived daughter of Georg Scholl, citizen of this place, from his wife Anna Maria, named Maria Margaretha died from swelling/tumefaction, thereupon the next day with a sermon, sound of bells, and singing was buried, at the age of 4 years.
Note: The word used was simply "Klang" meaning "sound" so I generically translated it as: sound of bells. Had it been more specific I would have translated it as such.
Queston: What is the German for the bells, sermon and singing?
Robert Seal Answer:
Transcription:
". . . be├┐ gehalten Sermon, Klang, und Gesang . . ."
Translation:
with a sermon held, sound, and singing
My comment: I read the cause of death as: Geschwulst, which I translated as: swelling or tumefaction. An older translation of this word is: dropsy = edema.