Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Anna Catharina Scholl 1683

Anna Catharina Scholl was born 22 Nov 1683. She lived 2 weeks 1 day and died. Her parents were Hans Andreas Endris Scholl and Anna Margaretha Hosin. All events took place in Graben, Baden, Germany.

Life expectancy
Average life expectancy at birth for English people in the late 16th and early 17th centuries was just under 40 – 39.7 years. However, this low figure was mostly due to the high rate of infant and child mortality; over 12% of all children born would die in their first year. With the hazards of infancy behind them, the death rate for children slowed but continued to occur. A cumulative total of 36% of children died before the age of six, and another 24% between the ages of seven and sixteen. In all, of 100 live births, 60 would die before the age of 16. A man or woman who reached the age of 30 could expect to live to 59. [Thomson Gale, 'Infant Mortality' (1998)]

Food shortages and insecurity were leading concerns in the 18th century, especially in Europe, and these were exacerbated by reduced harvests yields. Disease was another leading cause of death, with rats and fleas being the common carriers of disease, specifically plagues, during this era. (Wikipedia)

Common diseases were dysentery, malaria, diphtheria, flu, typhoid, smallpox and leprosy. (Wikipedia)

Death seen as natural
If a woman died after the birth of a child (this was a dangerous process because of infections), her younger sister stepped in as new wife, or replacement. The husband (here farmer in the country) absolutely needed a wife to look after the children and farm house (cooking etc.). So he normally got remarried a second, or third time within a few months; later a one year period was recommended. Often these wives were widows themselves. So there was constant giving births and dying on the farms, similar to what happened in the stable with the animals. Death was seen as natural. Only medicine and hygienic measures lowered the infant and childhood mortality rate. However, there were very bad pestulenza waves in the 17th century in our regions. Many villages lost 30 to 40% of the population. (Peter Bertschinger)
Documents related to Anna Catharina Scholl:
Anna Catharina Scholl born 23 Nov 1683 . film 102078348 page 167     

Anna Catharina Scholl born 23 Nov 1683 between 8 and 9 at night and baptized the 24. 
Baptismal sponsors: Peter Kohler local baker and his wife Anna Margaretha and Hans Georg Eytel, local inkeeper of  Gasthaus "Zum Schwanen" house " translated the Swan guest and his wife
landbackerei means country bakery

L, Sandra Blunck, R, Kent Gardiner 2019 in Graben

Swan Gueshouse, Graben, Germany

Anna Catharina death 7 Dec 1683. film 4137289 page 263
lived 2 weeks 1 day
Anna Catharina death 7 Dec 1683 at night between 10 and 11 o'clock she died, buried on the 9th of December lived 14 days and 11 hours, died in the grace of the Savior, buried according to Christian tradition, lived 2 weeks 1 day