Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Jacob Cammerer 1733-1785

Jacob Cammerer was born to Magdalena Weidmann and Hans Wendel Kammerer 10 January 1733. He married Anna Maria Margaretha Gruenemaier 3 May 1757 and they had 10 children.  Jacob died 28 Oct 1785.

What happened to their children?
Philip Jacob Kammerer 1758-1823, married Maria Catharina Zimmerman 4 Dec 1788, 1 child
Adam Wendel Cammerer 1759 married Margaretha Süss 20 Oct 1789 and had 10 children (see doc below 1799)
Johann Christoph Cammerer 1760-1769, lived 8 years 23 days
Johann Wilhelm Cammerer 1762-1762, lived from July to August
Johann Georg Cammerer 1764-1767 lived abt 3 years
Johann Simon Cammerer 1766-1767 lived abt 2 months
Johann Wilhelm Cammerer 1767-1844, married Margaretha Barbara Becker 4 Jan 1791, 9 children
Johann Christoph Cammerer 1770-1811, married Christine Becker 23 Feb 1796, 7 children (see docs below)
Maria Elisabetha Cammerer 1773-1846, married jacob Lind 21 May 1793, 4 children (see doc below 1814)
Elisabetha Cammerer Dec, unverified

Farming - 17th - 18th Centuries
In contrast to today, where every farmer can work his property as he wishes, farmers in earlier times were subject to fixed rules that the community laid down for each individual. The principle of three-field farming made coordinated work inevitable. On the one hand, the basis was a regular change of land use to prevent the total exploitation of the land: Each field was cultivated one year with winter crops (mainly rye and spelt or some wheat) and one year with summer crops (barley or oats). In the third year it lay fallow to recover and served at best as pasture for livestock. Artistic fertilizer was unknown and the manure of the few animals was hardly enough to improve the yield of the gardens. There were no significant changes here until the 18th century, which will be discussed later. An old custom, however, still existed for a long time: that the number of years of lease had to be divisible by three. In order to make this system work in practice, on the other hand, there was extensive land movement. This resulted from the fact that no roads were used at all, so that as much land as possible could be cultivated. Without paths, however, it was necessary to sow and harvest in a well coordinated manner, because this always meant entering land that belonged to others. So not every field was cultivated separately.  (Graben by Konrad Dussel)

Documents related to Jacob Kammerer:

Jacob Kammerer birth 10 Jan 1733 film 4137289 page 365
Entry 365
On January 10th 1733 a little son was born to the farrier Wendel Cammerer and his wife Magdalena. He was baptized and named Jacob.
Godparents: coach builder Wendel Weick and his wife Anna Maria. Wilhelm Metzger and his wife Margareta.
Jacob Kammerer marriage 3 May 1757 film 4137289 page 569

Translation DeTe1955:
On May 3rd, 1757, after an early prayer hour, the following were married: Jacob Cammerer, unmarried son of the late former court relative Wendel Cammerer with Maria Mergarelha [Margaretha?], legal unmarried daughter of court relative Johann Adam Grünemeÿers [Grunenmaierin] from here.
Surname of the bride: Grünemeÿer or Grunenmaier

Jacob Kammerer death 28 Oct 1785 film 4137289 page 870
Translation by DeTe1955:
On October 28th 1785 at 7AM the married citizen of here [Garben] Jacob Cammerer died and was buried on the 30th of the month. He was 52 years, 9 months and 18 days older

Elisabetha Scholl spon 2 25 Dec 1797 left film 102078348 page 680
Translation by Robert Seal:
On the 25th of December [1797] at night at 8:00 pm born and on the 27th of the same month baptized: Christoph [Cammerer].
Father: Christoph Cammerer, the local citizen and master tailor.
Mother: Christina, née Beckerin.
Baptismal witnesses: (1) Georg Friderich Speck, the local citizen and master shoemaker, and (2) his wife Eva Elisabetha, née Schollin. (3) Johann Wendel Roesch, surviving legitimate unmarried son of the late Johannes Roesch, former citizen here. (4) Catharina Herbsterin, surviving legitimate unmarried daughter of the late Adam Wendel Herbster, former citizen and master miller here.
Right column: died 16 November 1857.
Georg Friederich Speck was born in 1771. He married Eva Elisabeth Scholl 10 January 1797. They had 7 children. Eva lived to 5 March 1830 dying at age 60. Eva Elisabeth's father is Johann Balthasar b 1736 and Anna Elisabetha Lind b 1746.  Eva's grandfather is Johann Jadob Scholl b 1701- died 1788. Georg died 23 April 1846 at 75 years. 
Elisabetha Scholl sponsor 3 25 April 1799 rt Zimmermann film 102078348 page 696
Translation by Robert Seal:
On the 26th of April [1799] at night at 1:00 am [born] and on the same day baptized: Elisabeth [Zimmermann].
Father: Christoph Zimmermann, member of the [judicial] court, censor?, and year's mayor.
Mother: Eva Catharina, née Seegerin.
Baptismal witnesses: (1) Adam Wendel Cammerer, citizen. (2) His wife Margaretha, née Süssin. (3) Elisabetha, née Schollin, surviving widow of the late Peter Wenz, the former citizen.
Comment: If I have interpreted the father's second occupation correctly as "censor", this not only means censor as we know it, but it could also be interpreted as: reviewer, arbitrator, and even judge.
Note: Christoph Zimmermann is a descendant of Hans Andreas Endris Scholl through his daughter Anna Jacobea Scholl b 1667, Johann Peter Kemm b 1698 and Christina Magdalena Kemm b 1741  who is Christoph Zimmermann's mother. Small world.
Wilhelm Becker death 2 Sep 1814 film 102550955 page 380  2
Translation by Robert Seal:
No. 38. On the 2nd of September 1814, in the morning between 8:00 am and 9:00 am died in the local parish of Graben Johann Wilhelm Becker, citizen here, a married man, age 52 years less 11 days, and was buried on the 4th [of September 1814] in the morning. Witnesses: (1) Jacob Lind, the local citizen and master weaver. (2) Martin Wenz, the local citizen and master mason.
T. L. Sachs, pastor.