During their lives:
1813 Aug 26-27, The Battle of Dresden was Napoleon’s last major victory against the allied forces of Austria, Russia and Prussia.
1827 Mar 26, Ludwig von Beethoven (56), German composer, died in Vienna. He had been deaf for the later part of his life, but said on his death bead "I shall hear in heaven." It was later determined that he suffered from lead poisoning.
1828 Nov 19, Franz Schubert (b.1797), Austrian composer, died of syphilis in Vienna. In this he composed his song cycle "Schwanengesang." His work included the C-Major Symphony, string quartets, 3 piano sonatas, and the C-Major String Quarte
1832 Feb 22, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (b.1749), poet, (Faust, Egmont) died in Weimar, Germany. Goethe had served as minister of mines under Bismarck. He completed "Faust" just before his death: "When Ideas fail, words come in handy."
1832 Apr 15, Wilhelm Busch, German artist, was born. He created the precursor to the cartoon strip.
1832 Jul 5, The German government began curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocated a revolt against Austrian rule.
1833 May 7, Composer Johannes Brahms was born in Hamburg, Germany, and died on Apr 3, 1897. His works number through Opus 122 and included: the "Hungarian Dances," the "Haydn Variations," the "Violin Concerto in D Major," "Lullaby" and compositions for the pianoforte, organ, chamber music, orchestral compositions, numerous songs, small and large choral works
1838 Jan 6, Max Bruch, composer Scottish Fantasy), was born in Cologne, Germany.
1841 Mar 31, 1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B
1842 May 5, City-wide fire burned for over 100 hours in Hamburg, Germany. The medieval center of Hamburg was virtually leveled.
1845 Oct 19, Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhauser," premiered in Dresde
1845 Der Struwwelpeter, a popular German children's book, was published by Heinrich Hoffmann. It comprises ten illustrated and rhymed stories, mostly about children. Each has a clear moral that demonstrates the disastrous consequences of misbehavior in an exaggerated way. The title of the first story provides the title of the whole book. Literally translated, Struwwel-Peter means Shaggy-Peter.
1846 Feb 9, Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, was born. He designed the first Mercedes automobile.
1847 Nov 4, Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (b.1809), German pianist and composer, died at age 38. His work included: "Overture to a Midsummer Night's Dream."
1848 German philosopher Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto which would be the basis for Marxism and communism.
|Philipp Scholl baptism 2 Dec 1785 film 102078348 page 629 Graben|
Born on the 30th of November  at 10:00 am and baptized on the 2nd of December .
Father: Wendel Scholl, the local citizen.
Mother: Augusta, née Raicherin.
Baptismal witnesses: (1) Johann Georg Cammerer, the local citizen and master farrier, and (2) his wife Catharina, née Süßin; (3) Maria Sidonia, née Meierin, wife of Christoph Z___ker, the local citizen and master joiner/woodworker.
Right-hand column: + [died] 20 March 1858.
Comment: I believe the third baptismal witness, Maria Sidonia Meier, is married to Christoph Zwecker (despite how it reads in the record). In FamilySearch Family Tree see: Christoph Zwecker (KHHS-4XF) and Maria Sidonia Meier (KC8V-6W9). The couple lives in Graben. Also note that Christoph Zwecker's mother is Maria Margaretha Cammerer (1722-1789).
Pastor J. J. Ritter made this entry.
Born 7 November <1812> between 7 and 8 a.m., and baptised 9 November
No. 38 Christine
Father: Philipp Scholl, citizen and master mason here
Mother: Christina, née Krauß
Sponsors: 1. Jacob Werner, citizen and master tailor here, 2. his wife Magdalena, née Herbster?, 3. Philipp Brauch, local citizen and master cooper, 4. his wife Elisabetha, née Speck
<signature> T. Sachs?, Pastor
Translation by Robert Seal:
On the 7th of November  in the morning between 7:00 am and 8:00 am born and on the 9th of the same month baptized: Christine [Scholl].
Father: Philipp Scholl, citizen and master mason here.
Mother: Christine, née Kraußin.
Baptismal witnesses: (1) Jacob Werner, citizen and master tailor here. (2) His wife Magdalena, née Herbsterin. (3) Philipp Brauch, the local citizen and master cooper. (4) His wife Elisabetha, née Spckin.
T. L. Sachs, pastor.
|Philipp Scholl wit 23 Jan 1813 film 102078348 page 1168|
On the 3rd of January  early around 1:00 am [died] and was buried on the 5th [of January 1813] in the morning: Jacob Friedrich [Roth].
Father: Philipp Jacob Roth, citizen and master cartwright here.
Mother: Christine, née Zimmermännin.
Age: 4 years less 1 month and 5 days.
Burial witnesses: (1) Philipp Scholl, citizen here. (2) Johann Martin Mezger, citizen here.
T. L. Sachs, pastor.
|Philipp Scholl 4 Oct 1818 film 102078348 page 931 bot left|
On the second of October  in the morning at 3:00 am was born here and on the 4th [of October 1818] in the afternoon at 2:00 pm baptized: Philipp [Scholl].
Parents are Philipp Scholl, citizen and master mason here, and his wife Christine, née Kraußin.
Baptismal witnesses are: (1) Philipp Brauch, local citizen and master cooper. (2) His wife Elisabetha, née Spöck. (3) Jakob Werner, local citizen and master tailor. (4) His wife Magdalena, née Herbsterin.
Graben, on the 4th of October 1818. T. G. Beck, pastor.
Left margin: died 19 February 1847.
|Elisabetha Scholl born 20 March 1821 film 102078348 page 951|
Translation by Robert Seal:
On the 20th of March  midday at 11:30 am born and on the 22nd of the same month midday at 1:00 pm baptized: Elisabetha [Scholl]. Parents are the local citizen and master mason Philipp Scholl and his wife Christine, née Krauß.
Baptismal witnesses are: (1) Jakob Werner, local citizen and master tailor. (2) His wife Magdalena, née Herbster. (3) Philipp Brauch, local citizen and master cooper. (4) His wife Elisabetha, née Spöck.
Graben, on the 22nd of March 1821. T. G. Beck, pastor.
Right margin: died 10 November 1846.
|Katharina Scholl 27 Nov 1824 film 102078348 page 980|
On the 24th of November  at night going on 12:00 midnight born and on the 27th [of November 1824] baptized: Katharina [Scholl].
The parents are Philipp Scholl, citizen and master mason, and his wife Christina, née Kraußin.
Baptismal witnesses are: (1) Philipp Brauch, citizen and master cooper. (2) Elisabetha, née Spöck. (3) Philipp Krauß, citizen. (4) His wife Magdalena, née Metzger.
Graben, on the 27th of November 1823. Henhöfer, pastor.
|Philipp Scholl 1785-1858 Family Book, film 102118620 page 1013|
(1) After "Philippe Scholl": bin Maurer = is a mason.
(2) Child number 1 of this couple is Christine, Note that Christine has a parenthetical (NB) after her name. This is a footnote marker telling the reader to see the same footnote marker at the bottom of the page.
At the bottom of the page it says: NB. Christine hatte unehelich: Christine = Christine had an illegitimate [child]: Christine.
The child, Christine, was born 10 Feb 1835, and died 22 Feb 1835
I read the writing after the name of Scholl, Philipp as "B. u. Maurer", "B." being the common abbreviation for "Bürger" = citizen. So I would interpret it as "citizen and mason".
References for the FamilyBook above:
1. Christine Scholl 7 Nov 1812 - 24 Dec 1893
2. Magdalena Scholl 3 Jan 1815 - 10 June 1854, married Emanuel Nagel 20 Jan 1835
Philipp Scholl 20 Oct 1818 - 19 Feb 1847
3. Elisabetha Scholl 20 Mar 1821 - 10 Nov 1846, married Simon Becker, no children
4. Wilhelm Ludwig Scholl 25 Aug 1823- 11 Jun 1825, lived 1 year 9 mo 17 days
5. Katharina Scholl 24 Nov 1824 - 9 Aug 1901, married Jakob Suess 14 Mar 1850
6. Augustina Scholl 19 Apr 1827 - 19 Nov 1874, Married PLhilip Jacob Kammerer, 4 chldren
7. Philippine Scholl 14 Dec 1829 - 24 Feb 1847
|Christina Krauss death 23 Nov 1830 film 102550955 page 641|
no. 32, Scholl, Christine, née Krauß, wife.
In the year of Christ 1830 on the 23rd of November in the evening at 6:00 pm died and on the 25th of the same month at 2:00 pm was buried: Christine, wife of the citizen and master mason Philipp Scholl, age 42 years, 2 months, and 11 days. Her parents were the late Philipp Krauß, citizen, and his wife Christine, née Nagel. Witnesses were: Martin Köhler and Jakob Friedrich Heinle, citizen.
Graben, on the 25th of November 1830, Pastor Käß
Elisabetha Scholl death 10 Nov 1846 Graben Pastor G. Crecelius handled all the details around the death of Elisabetha including this entry at 4:00 pm and buried on the 12th at 4:00 pm Elisabetha Scholl wife of Johann Simon Becker citizen and farmer here, age 25 years 7 mon 20 days, her parents were Philipp Scholl citizen and master mason here and the deceased Christina Krauss, Witness Frederick Scholl citizen and farmer here and Christoph Werner citizen and day laborer here.
|Philipp Scholl death 20 March 1858 film 102550540 page 549Graben|
No. 24: 20 March - Philipp Scholl, widower
In the year of Christ 1858, 20th of March died here at nine o'clock in the morning and was buried by the undersigned pastor on the 22nd at ten o'clock in the morning: Philipp Scholl, widower, citizen and bricklayer here, age: 72 years three months and twenty days. - His deceased wife was: Christina née Krauß. His deceased parents were: Wendel Scholl, citizen and farmer here, and Auguste née Raicher, his wife. -
Graben, 22 March 1858G. Crecelius? Pastor