Average life expectancy at birth for English people in the late 16th and early 17th centuries was just under 40 – 39.7 years. However, this low figure was mostly due to the high rate of infant and child mortality; over 12% of all children born would die in their first year. With the hazards of infancy behind them, the death rate for children slowed but continued to occur. A cumulative total of 36% of children died before the age of six, and another 24% between the ages of seven and sixteen. In all, of 100 live births, 60 would die before the age of 16. A man or woman who reached the age of 30 could expect to live to 59. [Thomson Gale, 'Infant Mortality' (1998)]
Food shortages and insecurity were leading concerns in the 18th century, especially in Europe, and these were exacerbated by reduced harvests yields. Disease was another leading cause of death, with rats and fleas being the common carriers of disease, specifically plagues, during this era. (Wikipedia)
Common diseases were dysentery, malaria, diphtheria, flu, typhoid, smallpox and leprosy. (Wikipedia)
Documents related to Johann Andreas Scholl:
|Johann Andreas Scholl birth 13 Apr 1728 film 4137289 page 351|
On the 4th of May 1755, a little son of Johann P[h]ilipp Scholl, local citizen and tailor, from his wife Barbara, née Lindin, was born into the world, so thereafter was baptized and was named Johann P[h]ilipp.
Baptismal sponsors are Johann Zimmermann, citizen and farmer, Johann Roesch, citizen and tailor, and their wives.
Comment: Note + [died] in right margin under surname.
|Johann Andreas death 5 Aug 1728 film 4137289 page 429|
Translation by Robert Seal:
167. On the 5th of August , Johann Andreas died, little son of Mattheus Scholl, local tailor, and Eva his wife, so hereupon with sound [of bells], singing, and a sermon at the grave was buried. Age: 4 months less 12 days.