Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Hans Leonard Scholl 1642- ?

Hans Leonard Scholl  b 1642 could be the 3rd child of Joss Scholl and Barbara Dietrich. No record proving this has been found so far, but it may be so. Since the first child of Leonard Scholl was born in 1661 it appears he was born 20 years before or about 1642. At one point I thought there was a choice of Leonard's spouses between Maria Magdalena and Magdalena but after looking at the similar baptismal sponsors I now believe this is one family with Hans Leonard Scholl born about 1642 as the father with his wife Maria Maglalena, sometimes referred to as Magdalena. The following children could be his children:

What happened to their children?
1. Anna Christina Scholl 1 Aug 1661 buried 14 Aug 1661 lived 2wks Parents are Leonard and Maria Magdalena. Baptismal sponsors: Martin 
Grünmeyer? and wife. Anna Christina Weidmännin and Hanß Bernhard Pfister?, both young people.
2. Anna Barbara Scholl  3 Aug 1662 - has birth record, married  Johann Georg Kern 24 Jan 1681, many resources attached on FS birth and birth record included below, parents are Leonard and Magdalena Sponsors: Martin Grünmeyer? and his wife Magdalena, Hanß Bernhard(t) Pfister, Anna
3. Anna Catharina Scholl 20 Jan 1665 christening, death record Parents are Leonard and Maria Magdalena Baptismal sponsors: Christoph Munck together with the wife. Wendel Becker together with the wife.
4. Anna Margret Scholl 3 May 1668 christening 3 May 1668 parents are Leonard and Magdalena Sponsors: Christoph Munck together with wife; Wendel Becker together with wife
5. Anna Christina Scholl 13 Mar 1673 - 19 Jun 1732 has death record only.  Parents are Leonard and Magdalena
Baptimsal sponsors: Reinhard Hänle together with wife; Hanß Kammerer together with wife. 

During their lives:
The In the War of the Grand Alliance (1688-1697), the French destroyed Graben, so that only the church, city hall and some buildings remained. The inhabitants of the village were forced into the forests and in the surrounding area. Peace, order and prosperity did not return until the middle of the 18th century. (Wikipedia)

The French Destroy the Graben Mill 1676
On 20 January 1676 the mill was destroyed by the French. In 1681 the owner Veltin König started the reconstruction and received considerable relief: In the first year he was to pay only 10 times, in the second 20 and in the third year 30 times grain. With 30 malters it should then remain for 18 years. After that, he was to pay five times more every year until the old level of 60 times was reached again. This was to be continued for 26 years, then this newly built mill in the village of Graben would have to be paid for 60 times rye and 5 pigs or 5 fl.  However, this contract, calculated for more than 50 years, could only be concluded until 1688....will be held. On 11 November the French moved into Winterquartier in Graben, and the following year they destroyed the village and the mill. Müller Veltin König was thereupon issued the Gült for 1690 and 1691; for 1689 he still had to pay 14 times more and from 1692 on 20 times again.  The only problem was that König did not have any more mills. When, after a short time, he started to set up at least one grinding course again provisionally, it became clear that the actual situation had changed dramatically: A French governor resided in Philapsburg, who was very angry that the Graben mill had been put back into operation without his permission. Therefore, he completely burned what was still in the stain, which then happened and of the least, including the wood for the millet(s), was spared, as the Schultheiss (Mayor or Sheriff) later reported. (Graben by Konrad Dussel)

Graben Pastors during their lifetime:
1642-1645 Johann Kratzer
1645-1650 Johann Jakob Zaysser von Hornberg 
1650-1652 M Jonas Anwander
1652-1654 Augustin Langer von Bamberg 
1654-1656 Ludwig Bach von Durlaw (Durlach) 
1656-1663 Martin Luzius von Augsburg, (Grabstein auf den Friedhof.) (Translation: Mathias's Gravestone in the Cemetery) served with Augusta Vindel 
1663-1671 Sebastian Aepinus Aping 
1671-1674 Johann Georg Pantzhaff von Urach in Württemberg 
1674-1677 Johann Oswald Crusius (Crusig) von Ravensburg 
1677-1682 Immanuel Rösch von Geislingen (The fortified Helfenstein castle existed since 1100.) 
1682-1692 Konrad Stadmann von Durlach 

Graben teachers in their lifetime:
1657 Hans Georg Rausch; bittet um Gntrichtung
          16 jährigen Befoldungsrüdftandes (Appointment of auditors)
1663 Hans Martin Milig
1861 Georg Heinrich Curtus (Gurtig)
1864 Philipp Landmann
1685 Johann Kaspar Seefels
1687 Johann Georg Habner

Graben Schultheiss (Mayors or Sheriffs) during their lifetime:
1632 Christoph Munk (Munckh)
1668 Hans Andreas Maintzer
1671 Jakob Süss
1691 Johann Mathis Zaisloff

Documents related to Hans Leonard Scholl:

Leonhard Scholl (father) and Magdalena (mother) mentioned
in birth of daughter Anna Barbara Scholl born 3 Aug 1662
in Graben, Karlsruhe, Baden, film 102078298 page 212.
witness Hans Bernhart
Translation by Robert Seal:
Month: 1 August [1662]. (You provided the year, it doesn't appear in the record.)
Child: Anna Barbara.
Parents: Leonhard(t) Scholl and wife Magdalena.
Baptismal sponsors: Martin Grun________? and his wife Magdalena, Hanß Bernhard(t) Pfister, Anna Christina Veidmännin, both young _____?

Leonhard identified as the father of Anna Christina, film 4137289 p 255
Leonhard Scholl is the father of  Anna Christina Scholl who died 13 August 1661.  And was buried the following day. 
 Leonhard Scholl  19 Dec 1669 spon film 004137289 page 215
Translation by Robert Seal:
Date: 19 December [1669].
Child: Margreta.
Parents: Bernhard Elser, Margret.
Baptismal sponsors: Hanß Roß together with wife. Lenhard Scholl together with wife. Margreta Schmiedin, Hanß Schmied's daughter from Russheim.

This map was made by the French in 1659, sixteen years before the Graben Castle was destroyed. It seems that the Castle must have been quite big compared with others in Weingarten or Philippsburg. Other villages around Graben don't have such a symbol. so we know that Graben was a rather important place...the river Pfinz was the border between Graben and Neudorf.

An engraving by the French engraver van Loon around 1650, about the size of a postcard, shows a Graben in the same style with Bruchsal and Speyer