Tuesday, October 6, 2015

James Crichton 1792 - 1890

James Crichton b April 2, 1792, to William Crichton and Christen Peddie, was from Horsemiln Farm, Dunbarney, Perth, Perthshire, Scotland. It is a little community 10 miles south of Perth.  In censuses he lists his birthplace as Perth.

He made his way to the Logierait area and married Jean Stewart 11 November 1836. Jean was born in 1808 and he was born in 1792 or 16 years apart.  Three years after they are married James is a forester in Kinclaven.  A forester is employed to guard the forest and its game against poachers. In other words he was a poaching cop or gamekeeper. He forested in Kinclaven for at least 42 years.  

James and Jean had seven children: (two children married and had families)

1.  Margaret 1839 - died January 1904 at 65 years old. unmarried (Kinclaven tombstone)
2.  James Crichton 1840 (tea merchant) (lived on Govan Street, Glasgow, Lanark)- married Eliza Milne Mitchell children: James b 1876, Marguerita b 1878, Jeanette Stuart b 1879 and Mabel Elizabeth b 1881, died 1923 (death certificate listed below)
3.  Jane Crichton 1842 died March 25, 1933 at 90 years old. unmarried
4.  Elizabeth Crichton 1845 - married Robert Carmichael when he was 39
5.  William Crichton 1847 - died November 17, 1926 at 79 years old. unmarried (death certificate listed below)
6.  Christina Crichton 1840 - died March 8, 1860 at 10 years old. unmarried (see headstone in Kinclaven church cemetery)
7.  John Crichton July 9, 1852 - died April 14, 1874 at 21 years old. unmarried (date from headstone, death cert not on Scotland's People) (Kinclaven church cemetery)

James was a forester in Kinclaven for at least 42 years.  The Crichton’s lived long lives.  James  lived to be 98,  William, his son, a retired tea merchant, lived to be 78, James Jr, a tea dealer, 83 and his is daughter Jane lived to be 90.  Their daughter Elizabeth married Robert Carmichael, farmer.  Robert lived to be 92 and died in 1925 from old age.  Elizabeth lived until 1930.  She was 85.  James Sr's wife Jean died at 86 years old, a year after James, from bronchitis.  Try and match those numbers! 

1890 James Crichton, forester, died, age 98 years, at Cowdens Cottage, Maderty, Perth.  Married to Jane Stewart.  Son of James Crichton,* profession unknown (dec) and Christen Crichton MS Peddie (dec).  Informant: Robert Carmichael, son-in-law

Note: The reason James and Jane died in Madderty, after living most of their lives in Kinclaven, is because they wanted to be near their daughter Elizabeth and husband Robert Carmichael and their grandchildren who lived in the area. 

James Crichton birth certificate:

Kinclaven Bridge – built in 1905, this bridge carries the Murthly road over the River Tay in Perthshire.
The bridge comprises 6 Tudor arches faced with pink sandstone.


His father is probably William Crichton. "1792, William Crighton in Horsemiln had a son baptized 2 Apr named James."  (Dunbarney Parish Register, FHL1040065, item 1).

11 Nov 1836
 Eodem Die (on the same day)      James Crighton and Jean Stewart, both in this parish, having been regularly and publickly proclaimed were married this day (Scone Parish Register, FHL102805).
 4 Jan 1839        James Crichton, Forester, Innernytie, Parish of Kinclaven, but late of this parish, and Jean Stewart, his wife, had a daughter born 4 Jan 1839 and baptized 13 Jan named Margaret (Scone Parish Register, FHL102805).
 2 Nov 1840      James, son to James Crichton; Jean Stewart, his spouse, Lochside, was born on the second; baptized on the fourteenth day of November Eighteen hundred; forty  (Kinclaven Parish Register, FHL102742).
 7 Jun 1841       Census of Inernytie Cottage, Kinclaven Perth (ED2, p10, FHL101907)
                          James Crichton             45        Wood Forester                                    born in county
                          Jean Crichton               30                                                                    born in county
                          Margaret Crichton        2                                                                     born in county
                          James Crichton             7 mos.                   born in county

May Stewart female servant    11 years

28 Dec 1842      Jane, daughter to James Crichton; Jean Stewart, Lochside, was born on the twenty eighth day of Dec'r eighteen hundred; forty two & baptized the twelfth of January following (Kinclaven Parish Register, FHL102742).
31 Mar 1845     Elizabeth, daughter to James Crichton; Jean Stewart, Lochside, was born on the thirty first of March; baptised on the fourth day of April, Eighteen hundred & forty five (Kinclaven Parish Register, FHL102742).
27 May 1847    William, son to James Crichton & Jean stewart, his spouse, Lochside, was born on the twenty seventh day of May; baptized the ninth day of June Eighteen hundred and forty seven (Kinclaven Parish Register, FHL102742).
24 Jan 1850       Christina, daughter to James Crichton; Jean Stewart, his spouse, Lochside, was born on the twenty fourth day of January and baptized on the nineteenth day of February Eighteen hundred and fifty (Kinclaven Parish Register, FHL102742).
30 Mar 1851     Census of Lochside, Kinclaven, Perth (FHL103743)
                          James Crichton             Head    Mar  58     Wood Forester                  Perth, Dunbarney
                          Jean Crichton               Wife     Mar  43     Wood Forester's Wife       Perth, Logierait                    Margaret Crichton      Dau                 12            Wood Forester's Dau'r               Perth, Scone
                          James Crichton             Son                10     Wood Forester's Son        Perth, Kinclaven
                          Jean Crichton               Dau               8      Wood Forester's Dau'r      Perth, Kinclaven                  Elizabeth Crichton      Dau                 6            Wood Forester's Dau'r               Perth, Kinclaven
                          William Crichton          Son                3      Wood Forester's Son        Perth, Kinclaven
                          Christina Crichton        Dau               1      Wood Forester's Dau'r      Perth, Kinclaven

9 Jul 1852        John, son to James Crichton; Jean Stewart, his spouse, Lochside, was born on the ninth day of July and baptized on the twenty ninth day of the same month Eighteen hundred; fifty two (Kinclaven Parish Register, FHL102742).
 3 Apr 1861      Census of Lochside, Kinclaven, Perth (FHL103893)
                          James Crichton             Head    Mar  68     Wood Forester                  Perth, Dunbarney
                          Jean Crichton               Wife     Mar  53     Forester's Wife                 Perth, Logierait
                          Elizabeth Crichton       Dau      Unm 16     Forester's Dau'r                Perth, Kinclaven
                          William Crichton          Son                13     Scholar                              Perth, Kinclaven
                          John Crichton               Son                8      Scholar                              Perth, Kinclaven
(The Crichtons are the only family listed at Lochside.  It probably one of the estates where Margaret visited her cousins, as mentioned by Beatrice Gardiner Low.)
 3 Apr 1871      Census of Lochside, Kinclaven, Perth (ED2, p5, FHL104075)
                          James Crighton             Head    Mar  78     Forester                            Perth, Dunbarney   
                          Jane       "                      Wife     Mar  63                                               Perth, Logierait
                          Elizabeth  "                   Daur    Unm 26                                               Perth, Kinclaven
                          James      "  Son, Visitor           Unm 30     Wholesale Tea Merchant    "       "
                          Elsie MacIntosh           Serv.    Unm 13     General Servant                  "   Auchterhouse    
  3 Apr 1871     Census of 382 St Vincent Street, Anderston, Glasgow, Ed 12, (FHL104029)
                          William Crichton          Head    Unm 23     Tea Dealer,                       Perth, Kinclaven                                                                              Employing 1 man                      
                          Margaret Crichton        Sis        Unm 32                                               Perth, Scone
                          John Crichton               Bro      Unm 18     Hat Salesman                    Perth, Kinclaven     
(The address above was that of James Crichton in 1866 when he was the informant of the death of his cousin, John Stewart, who died at Glasgow.)

15 Jan 1873       At Kings Muir Cottage, Kinclaven, Perth.  After banns according to the Church of Scotland, Robert Carmichael, farmer, bachelor, 39, Drumphuim, Fowlis Wester, Son of Robert Carmichael, farmer, and Margaret Stirling (dec),  Married Elizabeth Crichton, spinster, 27, Lochside, Kinclaven, Daughter of James Crichton, forester, and Jean Stewart.  Witnesses: William Carmichael, Margaret Crichton (#365, Kinclaven, FHL300265).
 4 Apr 1881      Census of Lochside, Kinclaven (FHL203507)
                          James Crichton             Head    Mar  89     Forester                            Perth, Dunbarney
                          Jean Crichton               Wife     Mar  74                                               Perth, Logierait
                          Jane Crichton               Dau      Unm 38                                               Perth, Kinclaven

4 Apr 1881      Census of St Johns Road, Govan, Lanark, (644-14, ED40, p19, FHL0203682)
                          James Crichton             Head    Mar  40     Wholesale Tea Dealer       Perth, Kinclaven
                          Eliza Milne                   Wife     Mar  27                                               Lanark, Govan        
                          James    Crichton          Son                5                                                Renfrew, Eastwood
                          Marguerita M    "         Dau               3                                                RFW, Pollockshire
                          Jeanette Stuart "           Dau               2                                                RFW, Pollockshire
                          Mabel Elizabeth "        Dau      Under 3 mos                                      RFW, Pollockshire 

 4 Apr 1881      Census of 125 St Georges, Barony, Lanark (644-9, ED56, p2, FHL0203662)
                          Margaret Crichton        Head    Unm 41     Formerly Housekeeper     Perth, Scone                                    William Crichton         Bro      Unm            33          Tea Merchant               Perth, Kinclaven
 1 Dec 1890       James Crichton, Forester, died, age 98 years, at Cowdens Cottage, Maderty, Perth.  Married to Jane Stewart.  Son of James Crichton,* profession unknown (dec) and Christen Crichton MS Peddie (dec).  Informant: Robert Carmichael, son-in-law, Drumphin (#378/Maderty, Perth, Research by James Thompson, Edinburgh).
*His father is probably William Crichton. "1792, William Crighton in Horsemiln had a son baptized 2 Apr named James."  (Dunbarney Parish Register, FHL1040065, item 1).
 3 Apr 1891      Census of Cowden's Cottage, Madderty Perth (ED3, p1, FHL208738)
                          Jane Crichton   Head of Family    Widow       86                                   Perth, Logierait
                          Margaret Crichton  Daughter        unmarried   52 Mother's help           Perth, Scone
                          Jane Crichton          Daughter        unmarried   48 Mother's help           Perth, Kinclaven
                          William Crichton    Son                unmarried  44 Retired Tea Merchant  "    Kinclaven     
23 Nov 1891     Jane Stewart or Crichton, widow of James Crichton, died 23 Nov 1891 at 6 p.m. at Cowden's Cottage, Maderty, Perth.  Age 86 years.  Father: William Stewart, Shoemaker, (dec).  Mother's name unknown (dec). Cause of death: Old age, Bronchitis, 4 days as certified by James Gairdner, M.D., Crieff.  Informant: Robert Carmichael, son-in-law (#8, Madderty, Perth, FHL265356)

James Crichton death:

Wlliam Crichton's death:

Forrester:    Employed to guard the forest and its game against poachers and trespassers.

Note: The only parish record regarding the Crichton Family is the marriage of Jean Stewart b. 1809 and James Crighton or Crichton. Certainly there was family history mentioning a sister left behind in Scotland named Jean who married James Crichton.   At  John Stewart’s funeral in 1905 there was a Mr Crichton Stewart in attendance which verifies the connection with Jean Stewart.  SR

John Stewart's oldest son named his son James Crichton: 
1.  James born 11 March 1847 Wallalong NSW Australia, married June 26, 1872 Queenland, Australia to Margaret McNevin. He died 16 May 1907 in Queensland.  - Rev James Stewart started the Brisbane City Mission for homeless people in Brisbane.

Archibald B. born April 13, 1873 in Brisbane, Australia.
Ethel Jane born March 30, 1875 in Brisbane Australia. 
Grace Lillian born March 30, 1877 in Brisbane, Australia
Jeanette Isabel born January 31, 1880 in Brisbane, Australia.
James Crichton who died July 22, 1882 in Brisbane, Australia.
Margaret Stewart's sister, Jane or Jean, married James Crighton (Crichton), and lived at Lochside in Kinclaven Parish. They were the only family listed at Lochside, indicating that it is an estate, not a village. Dawn Gardiner

An interesting sidelight is the French spelling of James Chrichton's daughter's name, Jeannette Stuart Crichton, probably named after her grandmother, Jean Stewart Crichton (see William Stewart History). 

Article written by Rev James Stewart:


The Maitland Weekly Mercury (NSW : 1894 - 1931) Saturday 1 April 1905 page 9

But in the November of 1890 my mother died in her 73rd year, and in the September following Janet Gray “passed,” not so sick or sore, as tired, in her 86th year, just a year younger thank her sister Aunt Crichton, who died in her native land and whose bonny helpmate, James Crichton, died where he had lived all his life, in Madderty parish, Perthshire, in his 99th year, the day after his dear old Minister died, with whom he had been associated as member and ruling elder for 60 years or more, and by whose graveside he was buried by a great company of relatives, the Minister being only one year younger than the elder to whom he was so warmly attached.

History of the Congregations of the United Presbyterian Church, 1733 - 1900 M Robert Small
Fourth Minister— -David Young, from Perth (Wilson Church). While a probationer Mr Young was located for some time in Liverpool, if haply he might revive Russell Street congregation, which was on the verge of extinction. The people called him in March 1840 ; but at that very time he was supplying at Kinclaven, where a far more inviting field opened, and there he was ordained, 12th August 1840. "The day being fine," says the magazine, "the whole service was conducted in the open air, a tent having been erected for the purpose in the immediate neighbourhood of the church." The stipend arranged for was ,£100, with manse, garden, a large glebe, and some other perquisites. On 13th September 1864 Mr Young, to the surprise and regret of the Presbytery, tendered the resignation of his charge, assigning as his reason a change of view on the subject of baptism. Mr Marshall of Coupar-Angus, a close friend of his, had heard that Mr Young was interesting himself in that question, but he never supposed it would come to this. A long conference having ended as it began, Mr Young's connection with Kinclaven was dissolved on 4th October, the Presbytery recording " their regret at thus losing a brother who has for twenty-four years laboured with much zeal and acceptance in the service of the Church." After this Mr Young resided in Glasgow, where he ministered to several Baptist churches in succession. He removed in 1867 to Blairgowrie, where his worth would be better understood, but in 1870 he had to desist from preaching owing to a severe affection of the throat. On retiring he received a presentation of over ,£200 from the inhabitants of the town. He died in Glasgow, 6th August 1885, in the eighty-first year of his age, and was buried in New Cathcart Cemetery.

 Fifth Minister. — John Brown, from Douglas. Ordained, 3rd October 1865. He had Buckie in his choice, but preferred Kinclaven. The congregation had kept well up hitherto, as appears from the fact that 221 members signed Mr Brown's call. In the parish the Secession had always continued strong, and so late as 1843 it could claim 96 families, while 86 belonged to the Establishment. But between 185 1 and 1891 the population declined from over 900 to little more than 500. It was fitted to suggest whether the congregation ought not to have removed to Stanley at the time sermon was applied for. That town was well churched now, and most United Presbyterians settling down there, instead of undertaking the walk of two miles, were certain to drop into nearer churches. Steady decline set in, and the "Kirk o' the Muir," well filled as I remember it in 1852, has yielded to the inevitable. The membership at the close of 1899 was 122, and the stipend from the people £1 10.


BORN MARCH 1792  DIED  1890
DIED 24 Nov 1891 87 Years
DIED 8th MARCH 1850 AGED 10 Years
DIED 14 APRIL 1834 AGE 21 Years
DIED 8th JANUARY 1904 AGE 55 years
DIED 17th NOV 1926 AGED 79 YEARS
DIED 25th MARCH 1933, AGED 90 Years

Nice shot of the marker and relative position to the church, taken by Finches 2015.

LtoR Ron, Sandy, Deborah, Kent

The Kinclaven area is wooded and large green fields.  No shops or town we could find.

When children were baptized they received a little metal with the inscription above.

Bluebell Woods At Kinclaven
Bluebell Woods Next To Kinclaven, Perthire In Scotland. This little area is on the way into the church or kirkton.


1732 Map of South Perthshire including Kinclaven:

1884-85 Perth Directory:

James Crichton of St. Leonards, Sheriff of Dumfries (d before 02.12.1669)
James Crichton of Abercrombie (d before 02.1654)
James Crichton of Castlemains (a 1677)
James Crichton 'the Admirable Crichton' (b 19.08.1560, d c1585)§G
1. Sir James Crichton, 2nd ...
www.perthshireheritage.co.uk, 6 July 2008 [cached]
1. Sir James Crichton, 2nd of Strathurd, (see below).
1. James Crichton, younger of Cairns, who dsp prior to February of 1502 and is styled as deceased and eldest son to his father in an action raised by his mother against Patrick Cricthon, Tutor to his brother John Crichton.
2. James Crichton, served heir provisional to the Barony of Frendraught, on 19 November, 1535, and is then styled as second son of Sir John Crichton, of Strathurd.
4. James Crichton, witness to a charter by John Crichton of Strathurd for an annualrent of 300 merks in favour of Mathew Moncrieff, portioner of Kintulloch, on 29 May, 1611, and is then styled as his brother.
1. Sir James Crichton, 2nd ...
www.perthshireheritage.co.uk, 6 July 2008 [cached]
1. Sir James Crichton, 2nd of Strathurd, (see Crichton of Strathurd).
4. James Crichton, who gave his consent to his elder brother Sir John Crichton of Innernytie for the disponing of the lands of Innernytie and Kinclaven to Mr. Robert Crichton, of Clunie, on 31 August, 1606.
Clunie is a small settlement in Perthshire, Scotland, 7 km west of Blairgowrie. It lies on the western shore of the Loch of Clunie. Near the village are the foundations of what is believed to have been be a castle used by Kenneth MacAlpin, the first king of Scotland, as a base for hunting in the nearby royal forest of Clunie. On a small island (formerly a crannog) in the loch stand the remains of Clunie Castle, a tower house of the Bishops of Dunkeld. The last pre-Reformation bishop, Robert Crichton, passed the property to his near relative, Robert Crichton, Lord Advocate of Scotland. His son James, the notable Scottish polymath better known as the Admirable Crichton, spent his childhood there. Within the grounds of the parish church, rebuilt in 1840, stands a mausoleum with a romanesque doorway thought to be from an earlier 12th or 13th century church which stood on the same site. The church is now linked with those at Kinclaven and Caputh. Clunie Primary School is now closed but the local hall survives with regular functions taking place.