Average life expectancy at birth for English people in the late 16th and early 17th centuries was just under 40 – 39.7 years. However, this low figure was mostly due to the high rate of infant and child mortality; over 12% of all children born would die in their first year. With the hazards of infancy behind them, the death rate for children slowed but continued to occur. A cumulative total of 36% of children died before the age of six, and another 24% between the ages of seven and sixteen. In all, of 100 live births, 60 would die before the age of 16. A man or woman who reached the age of 30 could expect to live to 59. [Thomson Gale, 'Infant Mortality' (1998)]
Food shortages and insecurity were leading concerns in the 18th century, especially in Europe, and these were exacerbated by reduced harvests yields. Disease was another leading cause of death, with rats and fleas being the common carriers of disease, specifically plagues, during this era. Common diseases were dysentery, malaria, diphtheria, flu, typhoid, smallpox and leprosy. (Wikipedia)
Document related to Wilhelm Krauss:
|Wilhelm Krauss 1832 bap 17 Jan 1832 birth 14 Jan film 102550955 page 662|
Translation by Robert Seal:
In the year of Christ 1832, on the 14th of January early at 5:00 am was born, and on the 17th of the same month in the afternoon at 1:00 pm was baptized: Wilhelm.
The parents are the citizen Philipp Krauß and his wife Margarethe, née Scholl.
Baptismal sponsors are: (1) Phillip Wentz, citizen, and his wife Magdalena, née Lind. (2) Magdalena Lind, widow. (3) Wilhelm Scholl, citizen.
Graben, on the 17th of January 1832. Pastor Käß.
|Wilhelm Krauss death 20 Sep 1834 film 102118620 page 250|
In the year of Christ 1834, on the 29th of September early at 5:00 am died and on the 1st of October  early at 7:00 am was buried: Wilhelm, 2 years, 9 months, 15 days old, child of the local citizen Philipp Krauß and his wife Margaretha, née Scholl.
Burial witnesses were: Philipp Wentz and Wilhelm Scholl, citizens.
Graben, on the 1st of October 1834. Pastor Käß.
Right margin: Krauß, Wilhelm. Child.
Note: Pastor Käß served in Graben from 1827-1840. Christoph Käss von Mannheim and died 1843 in Diedelsheim. * 1796 Mannheim † 1843 in Diedelsheim (studied in Heidelberg, exam 1816, then vicar of the French community Mannheim, 1821 pastor in Hochstetten, 1827 in Graben , 1840 - on his death in Diedelsheim in 1843 - "originally more fanatical nationalist took K. to influence Henhöfers he initially had fought in the strongest terms, a strictly positive attitude a . co-founder of the bad. association for external Missiion. One of seven upright in the Catechism dispute, he in the by -invasive various headings ". [ Pastors' book of the Protestant Church of Baden from the Reformation to the present (1939) - D. Heinrich Neu])