Hans Peter was born to Hans Andreas Endris Scholl and Margaretha Hosin on 16 June 1687. We assume he was stillborn like so many other children.
Average life expectancy at birth for English people in the late 16th and early 17th centuries was just under 40 – 39.7 years. However, this low figure was mostly due to the high rate of infant and child mortality; over 12% of all children born would die in their first year. With the hazards of infancy behind them, the death rate for children slowed but continued to occur. A cumulative total of 36% of children died before the age of six, and another 24% between the ages of seven and sixteen. In all, of 100 live births, 60 would die before the age of 16. A man or woman who reached the age of 30 could expect to live to 59. [Thomson Gale, 'Infant Mortality' (1998)]
Food shortages and insecurity were leading concerns in the 18th century, especially in Europe, and these were exacerbated by reduced harvests yields. Disease was another leading cause of death, with rats and fleas being the common carriers of disease, specifically plagues, during this era. (Wikipedia)
Common diseases were dysentery, malaria, diphtheria, flu, typhoid, smallpox and leprosy. (Wikipedia)
If a woman died after the birth of a child (this was a dangerous process because of infections), her younger sister stepped in as new wife, or replacement. The husband (here farmer in the country) absolutely needed a wife to look after the children and farm house (cooking etc.). So he normally got remarried a second, or third time within a few months; later a one year period was recommended. Often these wives were widows themselves. So there was constant giving births and dying on the farms, similar to what happened in the stable with the animals. Death was seen as natural. Only medicine and hygienic measures lowered the infant and childhood mortality rate. However, there were very bad pestulenza waves in the 17th century in our regions. Many villages lost 30 to 40% of the population. (Peter Bertschinger)
Document related to Hans Peter Scholl:
|Hans Peter Scholl born 16 Jun 1687 . film 102078348 page 172|| || || || |
Hans Peter Scholl born 16 Jun 1687 he was born the 16 between 5 and 6 in the morning and baptized the 17th
Baptismal sponsors: Peter Koehler local baker and Anna Margareth and Hans Jörg Eytel the inkeeper of the Swan and his wife.
Second Translation by Robert Seal:
Date: on the 16th of June , in the morning between 5:00 am and 6:00 am born, and baptized on the 17th . . .Child: Hanß Peter. [Note + (died) above names.]
Parents: Hanß Endris Scholl, wife Anna Margetha, née "Hos(s)in" [Hoss].
Baptismal sponsors: Peter Keller, the _______? here and wife Anna Margretha? Hanß Jörg Eytel, proprietor of the Swan Inn . . .
Kent note: We are going with Keller which I think is plainly written as the first sponsor for little Peter Scholl.
Robert Seal Note: The first baptismal sponsor is: Peter Keller. The child's name is: Hanß Peter. "Hanß" could come from the father and/or the second baptismal sponsor. "Peter" is likely from the first baptismal sponsor Peter Keller.
Translation by Robert Seal:
|Peter Scholl age 0 death 17 Jun 1687 film 102078298 266|
On the 17th of June , midday at 12:00 noon, Hanß Peter died, little son of Hanß Endris Scholl, citizen here, who on the 18th of the same month in the afternoon at 12:30 pm was buried; he lived 1 day and 7 hours.