Friday, May 21, 2010

Robert Stewart 1780 -

This is the father of Robert Stewart, farmer, ship sawmill worker and father of 7 children. Robert Sr. was a farmer in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland. During the time he lived in the area there were
The Logierait Trail

Logierait in days gone by held a place of strategic importance as it was situated at the junction of
the Rivers Tay and Tummel, with ferries over both rivers. The name Logierait comes from the Gaelic words ‘laggan’ (a hollow) and ‘rath’ (fortress). From ancient times its situation beside the great highway from Perth to the north helped to increase its importance. In 1791 its population was recorded as 200 people, today there are about 60.

Logierait Church
St Cedd who was passing through the area from Iona with his brother St Chad to Lindisfarne, founded the church in 650. Today’s church was rebiult in 1904 – 06 to designs by John Stewart of Dunkeld, the churchyard contains many interesting historic items to see.

There are a number of beautiful decorated memorial stones.
There is a Pictish Cross behind the pulpit. You will see an old Pictish stone with Pictish symbols on one side and a more modern interlaced design on the other. (A small Pictish cross-slab, although damaged, the lower part of a horseman on the back, with a serpent round a straight rod while the front bears a decorated cross with four small circular raised bosses.)

A stone walled enclosure contains the burial ground of the Stewarts of Ballechin, lineal descendants of Robert II, known as a race of big boned, strong and brave swordsmen who took part in all the Atholl raids and forays, including the Argyllshire raid. They fought with Graham of Claverhouse at Killiecrankie, under Patrick Stewart, and at Culloden.

Within the walled enclosure you will also find three excellent examples of iron mort safes, (two full size and the third is for a child), they are heavy cast iron coffin covers which were used around 1828 to prevent body snatchers from removing newly buried bodies to sell in Edinburgh for medical examination. The mortsafes were lowered on to the coffin and removed some time later once the corpse was considered of no use for resale.

The oldest monumental stone in the churchyard, was for long on the burial ground of the Stewart Robertsons of Edradynate but has now been set up securely in the vicinity of the church entrance porch. It is believed to be of Pictish origin. One side is incised with a cross while the other depicts a horseman trampling upon the traditional serpent transfixed by a lance. The stone is the subject of a paper by A. Anderson of Pitlochry published in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Vol. XII p.561.

The names Stewart, Robertson, Reid and Ferguson predominate among the burial grounds in the churchyard.
The ferry at Logierait
The early ferries were rowed across by the ferryman but in 1820 the artist and inventor James Fraser who was the millwright at Dowally (about 2 miles south from Logierait as the bird flies) designed the new Logierait ferry. The particular problem with the ferry crossing at this spot was the swift flow of the River Tay and the ferry had to cope with this flow. The design consisted of two boats placed side by side connected by a platform. The ferry had a revolving wheel on the boat that pulled the ferry along a chain. The ferry was capable of carrying two loaded carts with the horses yoked up. It is said not a single life was lost during it operation until it was replaced by a bridge in 1880.

Saint Cedd’s Market and Well

A charter by King Charles II is extant dated 26 May 1671 in favour of John, Earl of Athol], erecting the town of Logicrait into a Free Burgh of Regality, to be called the Burgh of Logierait, with a weekly market and two free fairs yearly, the Charter ratified by Act of Parliament in 1672. On 20 August of each year, Saint Cedd’s Market ,feiIl-ma-Choede, was held in Logierait and tradition holds that when the market ceased to be held the Saint’s well, in the bank above the road opposite the church, dried up and the prosperity of the village declined.

The Court house of Logierait (situated behind Logierait Inn)
The first reference to a court at Logierait was made in 1457 when John Stewart was created Earl of Atholl by King James I. The courthouse by all accounts was apparently of fine proportions that it was described as the noblest apartment in Perthshire at the time. Designed by Lady Margaret Nairn, wife of William the brother of the 1st Duke of Atholl, circa 1707. 1710 Thomas and John Clark were paid £200 for building the courthouse. Described as 21 metres long with galleries each end. One hundred lairds and gentlemen of Atholl sat here in frill session under Atholl or his hereditary Commissioner, Stewart of Ballechin, on great occasions until the abolition of the heritable jurisdictions in 1746. After the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745 600 prisoners were sent here by Lord George Murray, Lieut.-Gcncral of the army of Prince Charles Edward. It was used to administer justice until 1746 following the defeat of the Jacobites at Culloden when the government in Westminster removed the powers of local courts to administer their own local law and order.

Rob Roy and Logierait Prison
On 4th June 1717 Rob Roy MacGregor was imprisoned at Logierait Prison for a single day on account of his feud with the Duke of Montrose – as a result of being persued by Montrose he took refuge in Atholl. The Duke of Atholl negotiated with Rob Roy terms were upon Rob Roy would surrender in exchange for being let free by the Government in Edinburgh. Under the Duke’s protection Rob Roy surrendered and was committed the prison at Logierait. The Duke took great pride in announcing to everyone of his rich catch.

Rob Roy did not like this situation at all, so planned his escape, which he managed to succeed in when a messenger came to the door of the prison. Some accounts suggest Rob Roy got his guards drunk, whilst the messenger was talking to the guards he leapt on to the back of the messenger’s horse and rode away.

It is also reported that
Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Jacobite army held 600 prisoners captured after their rout of Government forces at the Battle of Prestonpans were held here 1745.

The large iron gates (yetts) that belonged to the prison can today be seen on display at Blair Castle.

Memorial to the 6th Duck of Atholl at Logierait
Stuart Kings Hunting castle, the execution mound and Atholl Monument.
To the north of the village stands the Atholl Monument erected 10th August 1865 to the 6th Duke of Atholl who died 1864 by his tenants. It was said “They had lost a good and kind friend …. A good landlord, faithful husband, an affectionate father and a true friend”. The Duke it is claimed revived and maintained the national Highland Games. He also was the one who revived the Atholl Highlanders in their present form.

The Atholl Monument was erected on the site of the old execution mound where prisoners were put to death following sentence at Logierait Court having been held in Logierait jail awaiting the arrival of the executioner to carry out his grisly task. It was also called the ‘Rath’ where is castle once stood.

It is believed the height of the ‘rath’ above the high bank of the Tummel, just north of the presentMonument to the 6th Duke of Atholl at Logierait road bridge over that river, which forms the ‘rath of Logierait’, a very early fortified position, surrounded on the sides not facing the river by a deep fosse or dry ditch, above which a few traces of wall masonry remain. The unrivalled strategic situation of the rath, above the confluence of the rivers Tay and Tummel and their straths in the very middle of Atholl seem, according to ancient records, to have caused it to be chosen as centre and seat of the Celtic Earls of Atholl of the royal house of Dunkeld. On the forfeitures of these descendants of the Celtic Earls after the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, Atholl passed by charter of King Robert the Bruce to Walter the High Steward, and after the Stewarts ascended the throne, the castle on the rath became a favourite royal residence of Robert II and Robert III, con­tinuing to be used as a hunting scat until after the reign of James III, when it fell into disuse and became the hanging knoll of the Court of Regality.
Dool Tree or execution tree.
In later times executions were carried out beside the Boat (or Ferry) of Logierait where there was an Ash tree allegedly planted in 1570 and said to have grown to a height of 63 feet high in which robbers and villains were executed “…. and their bodies left hanging till they dropped and lay unburied.”

The last man said to have been executed here was a man called Donald Dhu who it is said was innocent of his alleged crime of cattle stealing. On the night he was hanged the ash tree was struck by lightening.

The Weeping House.
We have two stories associated with this building and they are;
1. The farm house by the roadside on the way to Logierait village was the spot to which the bodies of persons executed on the rath were brought to be handed over to their relatives and is still named dais an deoir, the place of weeping.

2. When people had been deported to the colonies they were sent to this house to meet their families for the last time.

Canada’s First Liberal Prime Minister – Alexander Mackenzie.
Next to the Weeping House was a small cottage where Alexander was born in 1822, he was to become Mackenzie become Canada’s first Liberal Prime Minister. Alexander was the third son of a Logierait stone mason. When aged twenty he sailed to Canada followed by his mother and six brothers. He was regarded as a man of integrity, unpretentious and down to earth.

Highland Perthshire’s Poor House.
Cuil an Daraich was built in 1864 as a poorhouse to serve the eleven parishes of Highland Perthshire. It was reported as accommodating 117 inmates. Scots Law unlike English and Welsh law allowed poor relief assistance for the needy in their own homes. The poor house (not workhouse) was for those through age (too old or too young), illness or disability that were too expensive to keep in the community. In the 1930’s it was adapted for use as an Old People’s Home until 1984. Today it contains a number of flats for residence.

Logierait Inn.

William Wordsworth with his sister Dorothy dined here on the 6th September 1803 on the tour of the Highlands. The Inn was a focal place for the village it is said that Gaeic choirs trained in the hotel, concerts and country-dances. It was said “the rafters of the hotel rang to the music and joyous ‘hoochs’ of the village dancers.”

We know Gilbert Jamieson rented Logierait Inn from 1818 to 1858.

In the early 1900s the Smith family ran the hotel.

In May and November each year the Factor of Atholl Estates for many years collected the dues from the tenant farmers and house tenants at Logierait Hotel. He also discuss any problems which needed attention. This practice did not cease until the late 1950’s.

The railway viaduct
The River Tay was crossed here by the railway viaduct which was opened 1865. With the closure of the railway the local ‘bridge’ committee have kept the bridge as a road bridge to make the crossing of the Tay easy from here.

Highland clearances and Logierait
All along the hillsides are traces of former dwellings. Tullypowrie and Inver of Tullypowrie were
once considerable villages. Desire for a higher standard of life than could be won from the high steep slopes was no doubt the chief cause of this depopulation for there is no sad history of evictions here, as in so many places. In this respect, the Atholl family bears a particularly good name; it is said by the local people that no one was ever evicted from the Atholl lands, a statement which is substantiated by the author of the New Statistical Account of the parish who, writing around 1840 when great areas of the Highlands had been subjected to ruthless clearances, states that ‘the change in the agricultural system pursued by the landlords has not been so great as to make any difference observable in the number of the rural population in the Logierait parish,’

I have Stewart ancestors from Logierait, Perthshire and wondered if the below details were familiar to anyone.

Robert Stewart (b. abt. 1780, Logierait, Perthshire) married Amelia Robertson (b. abt. 1784, Logierait, Perthshire) - 7 children:

Elizabeth (b. 25.09.1799, Logierait, Perthshire)
Amelia (b. 09.02.1803, Logierait, Perthshire)
John (b. 13.02.1805, Logierait, Perthshire)
*Robert (b. 19.02.1807, Logierait, Perthshire; d. 1877, Dundee)
Isabel (b. Feb. 1809, Logierait, Perthshire)
James (b. 01.9.1812, Logierait, Perthshire)
Mary (b. 31.03.1816, Logierait, Perthshire)

*Robert married on 03.01.1834, Logierait, Perthshire to Elizabeth Stewart (b. 03.01.1819, Logierait, Perth; d. 30.09.1861, Dundee) - 7 children:

John (b. 1833, Logierait, Perth; d. 1866)
*William (b. 1837, Logierait, Perth; d. Dec 1876)
Elizabeth (b. 12.02.1842, Newmill, Perth; d. 12.05.1887, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah)
Amelia (b. 12.08.1845, Newmill, Perth)
Jane (b. 1847, Hutton, Perth; d. June 1866)
Margaret (b. 27.07.1849, Kinclaven, Perth; d. 04.02.1917, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah)
Robert (b. 1857, Dundee; d. 1894)

*William married on 06.07.1855, Coupar Angus, Perth to Alison Duncan - 2 children:

Elizabeth (b. 20.04.1861, Coupar Angus, Perth)
*David Hay (b. 26.02.1865, Coupar Angus, Perth; d. 25.12.1920)

*David married on 13.01.1905, Dundee to Mary Munro [prev. Campbell] (b. 25.01.1873, St Madoes, Perth; d. 01.06.1971, Stracathro Hospital, Brechin, Angus) - 6 children, with the 3rd being my Grand-Father.


Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 03/28/2007 06:04AM by mizarae.